The Puna Teal is resident in the Andes of Peru, western Bolivia, northern Chile, and extreme northwestern Argentina. It is found on the larger lakes and pools.
The Puna Teal is 19 inches long, similar in size to a Mandarin or a Wood Duck. They have a black cap that extends to below the eyes. Their lower face and neck are creamy white. Their upper tail coverts are gray, and their rear flanks are dark brown with thin stripes. Back, chest and lower flanks are light coffee with dark brown spots. Their bill is large, light blue with a black line down the middle. They are sometimes kept in mixed collections but are protective of females and eggs during the breeding season.
In the wild they live in small groups of their own kind or with the closely related Silver Teal. Puna Teal lay their eggs between April and June. Like Swans and Geese both parents rear the ducklings. They lay their eggs in long grass, not always close to the water. The eggs are a creamy pink colour of which there may be several. The relationship between the male and female may be long term